According to a recent report by Pavla Chomynová, the head of the National Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Addiction, nearly 10% of adults in the Czech Republic consume alcohol daily. This translates to approximately 900,000 people, with around 1.5 million individuals engaging in risky drinking behaviors. The study also revealed gender differences in alcohol preferences, with dependent men more inclined towards spirits and beer, while women favor wine.
The report sheds light on the persistent issue of high alcohol consumption in the country. A Czech resident consumes about ten liters of pure alcohol annually, placing the nation among the top in global alcohol consumption. Although one study showed a slight decrease in alcohol consumption among men in 2021, the overall situation remains unchanged.
The consequences of alcohol consumption are alarming, with dozens of alcohol-related deaths and an estimated 6,000 to 7,000 deaths attributed to alcohol each year. The economic impact of alcohol-related problems is estimated to range between 35 and 55 billion Czech crowns.
In addition to alcohol, the report also addresses smoking habits. Approximately one-fifth of adults in the Czech Republic smoke daily, with men being more prevalent smokers. However, a positive trend is observed among young people, as the prevalence of traditional cigarette smoking has decreased while the popularity of e-cigarettes and heated tobacco products has risen.
The report highlights the prevalence of risky drug use, with approximately 13 to 15 percent of adults engaging in potentially harmful use of medications. Cannabis remains the most commonly used illegal drug, with one in ten adults using it in the past year. However, the proportion of adolescents experimenting with cannabis is declining, with both boys and girls having similar experience levels.
Furthermore, the report raises concerns about emerging addictions related to digital technology. Around 450,000 adults in the Czech Republic are at risk of dependency on digital devices, while approximately 200,000 people are experiencing problematic gaming behavior.
These findings emphasize the need for comprehensive strategies to address substance use disorders and emerging addictions in the Czech Republic. Efforts should focus on prevention, providing access to treatment and support services, and promoting public awareness and education on responsible substance use and digital well-being. By addressing these issues, the country can work towards creating a healthier and more balanced society.